Major action possible saving
Eliminate draughts. 5 kWh/d
Double glazing. 10 kWh/d
Improve wall, roof, and floor insulation. 10 kWh/d
Solar hot water panels. 8 kWh/d
Photovoltaic panels. 5 kWh/d
Knock down old building and replace by new. 35 kWh/d
Replace fossil-fuel heating by ground-source or
   air-source heat pumps.
10 kWh/d

Finally, table 29.5 shows a few runners-up: some simple actions with
small savings.

Action possible saving
Wash laundry in cold water. 0.5 kWh/d
Stop using a tumble-dryer; use a clothes-line
   or airing cupboard.
0.5 kWh/d

Notes and further reading

page no.

222“a bit impractical actually" The full transcript of the interview with Tony Blair (9 January 2007) is here [2ykfgw]. Here
are some more quotes from it:
Interviewer: Have you thought of perhaps not flying to Barbados for a holiday and not using all those air miles?
Tony Blair: I would, frankly, be reluctant to give up my holidays abroad.
Interviewer: It would send out a clear message though wouldn’t it, if we didn’t see that great big air journey off to the
sunshine? ... – a holiday closer to home?
Tony Blair: Yeah – but I personally think these things are a bit impractical actually to expect people to do that. I think
that what we need to do is to look at how you make air travel more energy efficient, how you develop the new fuels
that will allow us to burn less energy and emit less. How – for example – in the new frames for the aircraft, they are
far more energy efficient.
I know everyone always – people probably think the Prime Minister shouldn’t go on holiday at all, but I think if what
we do in this area is set people unrealistic targets, you know if we say to people we’re going to cancel all the cheap air
travel . . . You know, I’m still waiting for the first politician who’s actually running for office who’s going to come out
and say it – and they’re not.
The other quote: “Unless we act now, not some time distant but now, these consequences, disastrous as they are,
will be irreversible. So there is nothing more serious, more urgent or more demanding of leadership.” is Tony Blair
speaking at the launch of the Stern review, 30 October 2006 [2nsvx2]. See also [yxq5xk] for further comment.

225Environmental tax reform. See the Green Fiscal Commission,

226The Economist recommends a carbon tax. “Nuclear power’s new age,” The Economist, September 8th 2007.

The Conservative Party’s Quality of Life Policy Group – Gummer et al. (2007).

Table 29.4. Seven harder actions.
Table 29.5. A few more simple actions with small savings.