about eight hours, but the battery can be topped up from 80%-drained to
80%-charged in about three-and-a-half hours.” [www.whatcar.com/news-
Berlingo Electrique 500E, an urban delivery van (figure 20.20), has 27 nicad bat-
teries and a 28 kW motor. It can transport a payload of 500 kg. Top speed:
100 km/h; range: 100 km. 25 kWh per 100 km. (Estimate kindly supplied by
a Berlingo owner.) [ ]
i MiEV This electric car is projected to have a range of 160 km with a 16 kWh bat-
tery pack. That’s 10 kWh per 100 km – better than the G-Wiz – and whereas
it’s hard to fit two adult Europeans in a G-Wiz, the Mitsubishi prototype has
four doors and four full-size seats (figure 20.38). [ ]
EV1 The two-seater General Motors EV1 had a range of 120 to 240 km per charge,
with nickel-metal hydride batteries holding 26.4 kWh. That’s an energy con-
sumption of between 11 and 22 kWh per 100 km.
Lightning (figure 20.39) – has four 120 kW brushless motors, one on each wheel,
regenerative braking, and fast-charging Nanosafe lithium titanate batteries.
A capacity of 36 kWh gives a range of 200 miles (320 km). That’s 11 kWh per
Aptera This fantastic slippery fish is a two-seater vehicle, said to have an energy
cost of 6 kWh per 100 km. It has a drag coefficient of 0.11 (figure 20.40).
Electric and hybrid models are being developed.
Loremo Like the Aptera, the Loremo (figure 20.41) has a small frontal area and
small drag coefficient (0.2) and it’s going to be available in both fossil-fuel
and electric versions. It has two adult seats and two rear-facing kiddie seats.
The Loremo EV will have lithium ion batteries and is predicted to have an
energy cost of 6 kWh per 100 km, a top speed of 170 km/h, and a range of
153 km. It weighs 600 kg.
eBox The eBox has a lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 35 kWh and a weight
of 280 kg; and a range of 140–180 miles. Its motor has a peak power of 120 kW
and can produce a sustained power of 50 kW. Energy consumption: 12 kWh
per 100 km.
Ze-0 A five-seat, five-door car. Maximum speed: 50mph. Range: 50 miles.
Weight, including batteries: 1350 kg. Lead acid batteries with capacity of
18 kWh. Motor: 15 kW. 22.4 kWh per 100 km.
e500 An Italian Fiat-like car, with two doors and 4 seats. Maximum speed:
60 mph. Range in city driving: 75 miles. Battery: lithium-ion polymer.
MyCar The MyCar is an Italian-designed two-seater. Maximum speed: 40 mph.
Maximum range: 60 miles. Lead-acid battery.
Mega City A two-seater car with a maximum continuous power of 4 kW and max-
imum speed of 40 mph: 11.5 kWh per 100 km. Weight unladen (including
batteries) – 725 kg. The lead batteries have a capacity of 10 kWh.
Xebra Is claimed to have a 40 km range from a 4.75 kWh charge. 12 kWh per
100 km. Maximum speed 65 km/h. Lead-acid batteries.